Cas No 108-94-1
EINECS No 203-631-1
Kimyasal Formülü C6H10O
Görünüm Şeffaf Sıvı
Saflık, % 99,8
Yoğunluk (Kg/Litre) 0,9478
Parlama Noktası, °C 43,5 °C
Kaynama Noktası, °C 157 °C
Asitik değer, % 0,001
Molekül Ağırlığı 98,14
Cyclohexanon, Ketosiklohekzan Ketohekzametilen
Siklo Hegzanon (Avrupa) Siklo Hegzanon (Uzakdoğu)
Cyclohexanone is the organic compound with the formula (CH2)5CO. The molecule consists of six-carbon cyclic molecule with a ketone functional group. This colorless oil has an odor reminiscent of that of acetone. Over time, samples of cyclohexanone assume a yellow color. Cyclohexanone is slightly soluble in water and miscible with common organic solvents. Billions of kilograms are produced annually, mainly as a precursor to nylon.
1.1 Laboratory methods
2.1 Laboratory reactions
2.2 Illicit use
Cyclohexanone is produced by the oxidation of cyclohexane in air, typically using cobalt catalysts:
C6H12 + O2 → (CH2)5CO + H2O
This process co-forms cyclohexanol, and this mixture, called "KA Oil" for ketone-alcohol oil, is the main feedstock for the production of adipic acid. The oxidation involves radicals and the intermediacy of the hydroperoxide C6H11O2H. In some cases, purified cyclohexanol, obtained by hydration of cyclohexene, is the precursor. Alternatively, cyclohexanone can be produced by the partial hydrogenation of phenol:
C6H5OH + 2 H2 → (CH2)5CO
This process can also be adjusted to favor the formation of cyclohexanol.
Cyclohexanone can be prepared from cyclohexanol by oxidation with chromium trioxide (Jones oxidation). An alternative method utilizes the safer and more readily available oxidant sodium hypochlorite.
The great majority of cyclohexanone is consumed in the production of precursors to Nylon 6,6 and Nylon 6. About half of the world's supply is converted to adipic acid, one of two precursors for nylon 6,6. For this application, the KA oil (see above) is oxidized with nitric acid. The other half of the cyclohexanone supply is converted to cyclohexanone oxime. In the presence of sulfuric acid catalyst, the oxime rearranges to caprolactam, a precursor to nylon 6:
In addition to the large scale reactions conducted in service of the polymer industry, many reactions have been developed for cyclohexanone. In the presence of light, it undergoes alpha-chlorination to give 2-chlorocyclohexanone. It forms a trimethylsilylenol ether upon treatment with trimethylsilylchloride in the presence of base. It also forms an enamine with pyrolidine.
Cyclohexanone has been used in the illicit production of phencyclidine and its analogues and as such is often subject to additional checks before purchase.
Like cyclohexanol, cyclohexanone is not carcinogenic and is moderately toxic, with a TLV of 25 ppm for the vapor. It is an irritant.